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Point and Click items require the candidate to interact with an image in order to provide a response.

For Point and Click items, the candidate is asked to click on an area in the image, corresponding to the information provided in the Question stem.

  1. Select the Develop Questions → Write Item menu.
  2. Click the Write Question link. 
  3. On the Write Question page, select Point and Click from the Question Type drop-down list.

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    Please visit the Language-related features in Items page to learn about the Language Code drop-down list.

    Assigning Weights

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    Weights affect the examinee’s score for an item. If weights are assigned to individual Answer Options, they affect the total score of an item depending on which (and how many) Answer Options are answered correctly or incorrectly. Assigning weights is optional and can be done via the Weight drop-down list.

    The default selection item is Default, which assigns a score of "1" to the item. The candidate scores "1" only when he/she selects all the correct Options and does not select any incorrect Options. Upon selecting even a single incorrect Option, he/she scores "0".

    If you choose to assign custom weight for the item, then you must select Item from the drop-down list. A text box appears next to the drop-down list, where you can enter the weight value for the item. The candidate scores the specified weight value only when he/she selects all the correct Options and does not select any incorrect Options. Upon selecting even a single incorrect Option, he/she scores "0".

     

    You can assign custom weights to individual Answer Options by selecting Option from the drop-down list. A Weight text box appears next to the Answer Options, where you can enter the weight value for the respective Answer Options. The weight value is a decimal number. Weights assigned to incorrect Answer Options are ignored.

    The candidate scores the specified weight value of the correctly answered Option(s), regardless whether he/she also incorrectly answers one or more Options. The maximum score of the item is equal to the sum of the weight values for the correctly answered Options.

    Item weight can be a positive decimal or integer value. It can range from ".001" to "9999".

    Option weight can be a positive or negative decimal or integer value. It can range from "-.99" to "9999".

Create a Point and Click Item

The item author specifies one or more area(s)/point(s) on the image to identify a correct response. ExamDeveloper provides an interface for users to create the questions. How they are presented to the candidate depends on the Assessment Driver used to deliver the exam. An Assessment Driver is software owned by a test delivery provider used to present items to candidates.

Support can vary among test delivery providers

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Each test delivery company has their own Assessment Driver that takes exam content, displays it to candidates, and scores their responses. While this is relevant for all types of items, this is especially important to consider when using the Point and Click item type. Many companies have limitations on their support for this type of item, so it is very important to check with your test delivery provider about their level of support for this type of item before using them on exams they deliver on your behalf.

 

 

  1. Enter the question candidates must answer in the Question Stem field. Enter the information or objective the candidate needs in order to respond appropriately.
  2. Click the Select/Upload Image button above the Shape Editor to select an image for the item. The supported image types for Point and Click Questions are .JPG, .JPEG, .GIF, .PNG, .BMP, .DCM, . ODG, .TGA, .SVG, and .TIF.
  3. Click the Retrieve Assets button. and then click the Attach Asset  icon for the desired asset.

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    For more details on attaching an image, refer to Upload an Asset.



  4. Click OK when the image has been attached message appears and Close the Attach Asset pop-up window.
    The image is added to the Point and Click canvas editor.
  5. Enter the Shape Labels you want to add to the image, one in each shape label field provided. Labels must contain text. You are prevented from submitting the item if any labels are empty.

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    The default setting is four Shape Labels, but the writer might choose to add or remove pairs. The minimum number of allowable labels is two. The writer can click the  Add Distractor icon after the stem to add a label and  Remove Distractor icon to remove the corresponding label, if the Allow Differing Option Count setting on the Questions tab of the project's Configuration page is selected.

     

     

  6. Select the check boxes for the correct shape label field(s). Leave the check boxes for the incorrect shape labels as unselected.

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    In a Hot Spot item that is exported for the Athena test driver, the maximum number of clicks the candidate is able to select must be equal to the number of correct labels set on the item.



  7. Select Hot Spot (default) or Hot Area radio button to determine how the candidate views the item in the Assessment Driver.
     
    • If Hot Spot is selected, the drop zones are not visible even when the mouse cursor is moved over them. When the candidate clicks on the asset in the Assessment Driver, a point is marked where they clicked. 
    • If Hot Area is selected, the drop zones are displayed as soon as the mouse cursor is moved over them. When the candidate clicks on any of the drop zones in the asset in the Assessment Driver, the entire drop zone is marked and becomes visible.

    In either of the above cases, candidates receive a passing score as long as they click within the drop zone.
    You are now ready to work with the inserted asset.

  8. Using the editor functions described below, create the shaded areas that correspond to the correct response for each label. For every label, there must be a corresponding shape drawn on the image.

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    ExamDeveloper provides the tool to create these item types. It is important users realize while creating the item, that this is not necessarily what candidates will view. Rather, the candidate interface is dependent on the Assessment Driver that is used, and can vary between delivery vendors.

    For Point and Click Question Stems, the Asset Manager function is not available.

    The minimum number of shapes required is one.

    The shapes must be drawn within the boundaries of the image.



  9. Specify the Blueprint, Reference, and Metadata for the item (as appropriate).

Editor Functions

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When you insert an image, it is display at 100% zoom. If an image is larger than the canvas editing area, a vertical and/or horizontal scroll bar appears allowing users to scroll to view the entire image.

You can use the  Zoom In and  Zoom Out buttons to increase or decrease the size of the image within the Image Annotation editor. This does not change the size of the image, only allows you to zoom in or zoom out on the image.

When you zoom in or out, the percentage goes up or down by 10%. You may manually change the zoom to a specific percentage by typing in the Canvas Zoom field and hitting the Enter key on the keyboard.

You may zoom in on an image to as much as 500%, and you may zoom out on an image to as little as 10%.

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It is important to create your shapes in the order that corresponds to the Shape Labels. You must have the same number of Shape Labels and Shapes or you are prevented from submitting the item.

 

 

  1. Click the Shape menu and select the shape you wish to draw on the image.
  2. Click and drag the mouse to draw an ellipse or rectangle. 

    Draw a polygon shape

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    To draw a polygon, click on the canvas where you want to start drawing the shape.

    Move the mouse pointer to another spot on the canvas and click. A single line is drawn.

    Move the mouse pointer to another spot on the canvas and click. A second line is drawn that is connected to the first line.

    Continue to move the mouse and click until all the desired lines are drawn.

    Double-click to complete the polygon. When you double-click, ExamDeveloper draws a line from the point on the canvas where you double-clicked to the starting point of the polygon.

    After drawing a polygon, if you want to select an existing shape on the canvas, click the Shape → Select menu option. This deactivates the polygon drawing menu so you can select any of the shapes that have been drawn.

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    Shapes must be drawn within the bounds of the image. You are allowed to draw shapes outside the image, but you are prevented from submitting the item if shapes fall outside the image boundaries.

    You cannot overlap shapes when drawing them, and you cannot drag/move a shape over another shape.

    You are prevented from intersecting lines when drawing a polygon in a Point and Click item type.



  3. To move a shape: Click on the shape (the edit points for the shape are now visible as white boxes). Balance the mouse pointer anywhere on the shape. The mouse changes to a four headed arrow . Click and drag the shape to another location on the image.
  4. To resize a shape: Click on the shape. Balance the mouse pointer over an edit point (the mouse changes to a double headed arrow  when balanced over a boundary point) and click and drag.
  5. To maintain the aspect ratio for rectangle or ellipse when resizing the shape: Balance the mouse pointer over an edit point (the mouse changes to a double headed arrow  when balanced over a boundary point), hold the Shift key on the keyboard, and click and drag.
  6. To change the shape of a polygon: Balance the mouse pointer over an edit point (the mouse changes to a double headed arrow  when balanced over a boundary point) and click and drag.

  7. To select multiple shapes: Click on a shape. Hold the Ctrl key on the keyboard and click additional shapes. You may want to delete multiple shapes. Selecting them all at once and then delete them. 
    Note: you are not able to move multiple shapes at the same time. You must move each shape individually.
  8. To delete a shape: Click on a shape. Click the Delete  icon or hit the Delete key on the keyboard.
  9. Replace the background image: Click the Select/Upload Image button. Retrieve or Upload Assets, attach the new asset.

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    You can replace the background image for a Point and Click item type.

    Initial background image:

    Swapped background image: shapes remain in the same location

    Note: Be aware that if shapes have been added to the image on the canvas editor, the shapes remain in place when you swap the background image. If the first image was large with shapes outside the standard viewing area of the canvas and you replace the image with a smaller image that fits within the standard canvas viewing area, the shapes remain in place. You must use the scroll bars to locate the shapes and move them within the image boundaries or delete and replace them prior to submitting the item.

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    If you zoom in or out on images that include shapes, the shapes retain their proportion to the image size.


Save the Item

You have several options to Save the item.

  1. Click the Add Question to Case button save the item and create a new case. The item is automatically attached to the case. Only users with permission to create cases will see this button.
  2. Click the Save button. The item is saved and the item is checked-out preventing other users from making edits to the item. You remain on the Write Question page where further edits can be made to the item.
  3. Click the Preview button. Changes to the item are saved, the item is checked-out, and the item is opened in the Preview window. Only users with permission to preview items will see this button.
  4. To save an incomplete item, click Save and Exit. The item is saved in a Draft state and checked-in so any user with access to the item may make edits to the item. It is visible in the Draft/Returned Questions tab of the Project Writing Summary page.
  5. To submit the item for review, click Submit. The item is saved and checked in so any users with access to the item may make edits to the item. The item is advanced to the next reviewer in the list or to the next stage in the workflow.

     Validations for submitting Point & Click items

    The following validations are performed on a Point & Click item type:

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      • Empty Question stem: The question stem cannot be empty.

    Preview

      • Empty Question stem: The question stem cannot be empty.
      • No background image: Select a background image and define at least one shape.

    Submit

      • Empty Question stem: The question stem cannot be empty.
      • No background image: Select a background image and define at least one shape.
      • No shapes drawn with shape labels defined: Define at least one shape.
      • More labels defined than shapes on the canvas: You have chosen to use option 'C, D' but have not created a corresponding shape on the editor. Add a shape or remove the label.
      • No shapes drawn: Define at least one shape.
      • More shapes on the canvas than labels defined: You have chosen to create a shape 'C, D' but have not created a corresponding label in the question. Add a label or remove the shape.
      • Shapes are drawn outside the boundaries of the background image: The following shapes fall outside the bounds of the image. Relocate them within the image bounds. Shapes B, D.
      • Empty labels in the item with corresponding shape drawn on the canvas: You have created a shape in the editor for "A, B, C, D" but you did not specify a label. Add a label or remove the shape.

 

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A user can click the Submit on Behalf of drop-down control and select one of the user names in the list to submit an item on behalf of the selected user. The user list contains names of users enabled in the current project, except for the user currently logged in and viewing the list. The list is displayed in ascending order by last name, first name, and user name. Once you click the Submit button, the item is saved to the Draft mode and does not show for the current user.

 

Submit on Behalf of drop-down list is not available at the time of Modify Question.

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Click the Check Spelling link to check spellings for text in Stem and Options. The spelling is checked first against the built-in or installed dictionary and then against the words specified for exclusion on the Dictionary tab of your project's settings.

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Keep in mind that for users to write this type of item, it must be enabled on the Questions tab of the project's Configuration page. From Manage → Settings → Configuration → Questions → Allow Question types, select Point And Click from the list and click Update. If you do not see this type of items in the list, please contact your Project Manager to change the project settings.

 

 

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